This article was originally published by Hubbis on 2 January 2015 and will be featured in the forthcoming Hubbis ‘2015 Guide to Wealth Planning’. The original article can be found here.
Singapore, for example, has the highest proportion of millionaires in the world and has seen individual contributions to charity increase every year since 2006. At the same time, there has been a huge increase in the number of private foundations being established in China over the past few years.
Yet in a similar way as to how Asia inevitably still lags the US and Europe in overall charitable giving – 0.3% of GDP in Singapore compared with 2.2% of GDP in the US – structured philanthropy remains a relatively new phenomenon in Asia.
However, things are beginning to change, says Emma Hanley, head of philanthropy and partnerships at ActionAid International in Asia, making it what she calls “an exciting and crucial time for philanthropy in the region”.
New approaches to giving
Asian philanthropists, like those in other regions, use various mechanisms and approaches to channel their philanthropy. For example, explains Hanley, they might establish private foundations, combine their resources with others in community foundations – such as the Community Foundation of Singapore or Community Chest of Hong Kong – or give through donor-advised funds.
But the rapid pace of change in Asia is also leading to the emergence of new approaches to philanthropy.
“While the older generation has often approached their giving in a more traditional way, making donations informally and privately, evidence suggests that, with the younger generation of wealthy Asians beginning to get actively involved in philanthropy, this trend may be shifting towards increased personal engagement with giving, an emphasis on impact measurement and an openness to talking publically about philanthropy,” says Hanley.
Younger philanthropists also often want to use their business skills and acumen, in addition to their funds, to address societal issues, she explains.
Perhaps linked to this shift is the emergence of new types of philanthropy, evidenced in the growth of impact investing, venture philanthropy and other hybrid models combining investment, financing and philanthropy.
“Although the definitions and approaches differ considerably across these concepts, broadly what we are seeing is a growing interest in using innovative, blended business models that combine positive social impact with financial returns,” says Hanley, “or at least the creation of self-sustaining socially responsible organisations.”
Research from interviews with family philanthropists in Asia suggests that 36% of families see social entrepreneurship as the most important trend for the future.
Certainly the growing number of impact investing and venture philanthropy focused events, roundtables and organisations in the region point to the significance of this emerging trend.
What remains to be seen, however, is whether this trend will have a cannibalizing effect on philanthropic donations to charitable organisations.
“Either it might take funding away from donation-dependent organisations,” says Hanley. “Or it will free up philanthropists from inefficient burdens and allow them to better focus on where their donations are needed most,” she adds.
More structured advice
With the rise of philanthropy in Asia has come an increase in the provision of philanthropy advisory services.
This is being driven, says Hanley, as a growing number of families seek to develop a more structured and strategic approach to their philanthropy, with an increased focus on innovation, scale and achieving measurable results.
“This is leading to an increase in the professionalisation of the sector,” she explains.
More family foundations are hiring professional staff to run their foundations, an expansion of philanthropy-focused events and research on the sector, and increased government promotion of philanthropy through legislative / policy change.
Further, she adds, there are bodies being created to encourage and nurture philanthropy and volunteerism, such as the National Volunteer and Philanthropy Centre (NVPC) in Singapore.
The evolution of philanthropy in Asia is expected to reinforce the need for this type of structured and strategic advice.
That will happen, says Hanley, as individuals and families develop and refine their understanding of the issues they wish to address, and as their personal circumstances and priorities change.
The growing professionalisation and institutionalisation of philanthropy, globally and in Asia, will also create ever-more opportunities for families.
They can, for example, benefit and learn from philanthropy advisory services, connect with other like-minded individuals and organisations, and understand the trends and issues affecting the sector.